SAGE Sociology (sociology)

Author Sarah Brayne discusses her article for the June 2014 issue of American Sociological Review, “Surveillance and System Avoidance: Criminal Justice Contact and Institutional Attachment.”

 

Abstract:The degree and scope of criminal justice surveillance increased dramatically in the United States over the past four decades. Recent qualitative research suggests the rise in surveillance may be met with a concomitant increase in efforts to evade it. To date, however, there has been no quantitative empirical test of this theory. In this article, I introduce the concept of “system avoidance,” whereby individuals who have had contact with the criminal justice system avoid surveilling institutions that keep formal records. Using data from Add Health (n = 15,170) and the NLSY97 (n = 8,894), I find that individuals who have been stopped by police, arrested, convicted, or incarcerated are less likely to interact with surveilling institutions, including medical, financial, labor market, and educational institutions, than their counterparts who have not had criminal justice contact. By contrast, individuals with criminal justice contact are no less likely to participate in civic or religious institutions. Because criminal justice contact is disproportionately distributed, this study suggests system avoidance is a potential mechanism through which the criminal justice system contributes to social stratification: it severs an already marginalized subpopulation from institutions that are pivotal to desistance from crime and their own integration into broader society.

 

Article available here.

 

 

Posted May 2014

Direct download: ASR_Sarah_Brayne.mp3
Category:Sociology -- posted at: 11:47am EDT

Author Antonie Knigge discusses his article for the June 2014 issue of American Sociological Review, “Status Attainment of Siblings during Modernization.”

 

Abstract: The modernization thesis claims that intergenerational social mobility increased over time due to industrialization and other modernization processes. Here, we test whether this is indeed the case. We study approximately 360,000 brothers from 189,000 families covering more than 500 municipalities in the Netherlands and a 70-year period (1827 to 1897). We complement these sibling- and family-level data with municipal indicators for the degree of industrialization, mass communication, urbanization, educational expansion, geographic mobility, and mass transportation. We analyze these data by applying sibling models, that is, multilevel regression models where brothers are nested in families, which in turn are nested in communities. We find that the total—unmeasured—family effect on sons’ status attainment decreases slightly and is higher than that found for contemporary societies. The measured influence of the family, operationalized by father’s occupational status, decreased gradually in the Netherlands in the second half of the nineteenth century. A substantial part of this decrease was due to some, but not all, of the modernization processes adduced by the modernization thesis.

 

Article can be found here.

 

Posted June 2014.

Direct download: ASR_Antonie_Knigge.mp3
Category:Sociology -- posted at: 6:57pm EDT

Author Nicoletta Balbo discusses her article for the June 2014 issue of American Sociological Review, "Does fertility behavior spread among friends?" 

Abstract: By integrating insights from economic and sociological theories, this article investigates whether and through which mechanisms friends’ fertility behavior affects an individual’s transition to parenthood. By exploiting the survey design of the Add Health data, our strategy allows us to properly identify interaction effects and distinguish them from selection and contextual effects. We use a series of discrete-time event history models with random effects at the dyadic level. Results show that, net of confounding effects, a friend’s childbearing increases an individual’s risk of becoming a parent. We find a short-term, curvilinear effect: an individual’s risk of childbearing starts increasing after a friend’s childbearing, reaches its peak approximately two years later, and then decreases.

Article available here.

Posted May 2014.

Direct download: ASR_Nicoletta_Balbo.mp3
Category:Sociology -- posted at: 4:48pm EDT

Direct download: Sociology_Podcast_No._4_-_Loic_Wacquant.wav
Category:Sociology -- posted at: 11:00am EDT

In this podcast interview, Michaela Benson and Emma Jackson discuss their paper: “Place-making and Place Maintenance: Performativity, Place and Belonging among the Middle Classes” with Sophie Watson, Editor of Sociology. Posted November 2013.

Direct download: EmmaJackson_and_MichaelaBenson__podcast_Edit_FINALVersion.mp3
Category:Sociology -- posted at: 11:00am EDT

Jennifer Klein discusses her book, written with Eileen Boris, "Caring for America: Home Health Care Workers in the Shadow of the Welfare State".

Direct download: Podcast_4_Jennifer_Klein_Caring_for_America.mp3
Category:Sociology -- posted at: 11:00am EDT

Dan Clark discusses the struggles Detroit autoworkers faced in the 1950s.

Direct download: Podcast_2_Dan_Clark_Rethinking_the_1950s_Detroit_Auto_Worker.mp3
Category:Sociology -- posted at: 11:00am EDT

Troy Rondinone and Graham Cassano discuss their work on labor republicanism in US history.

Direct download: Podcast_7_Troy_Rondinone_American_Labor_Republicanism.mp3
Category:Sociology -- posted at: 10:00am EDT

Ruth Milkman discusses the current state of organized labor in the United States and some possible paths labor organizing might take in the future. 

Direct download: Podcast_6_Ruth_Milkman_Unions_Workers_and_Worker_Centers.mp3
Category:Sociology -- posted at: 12:00pm EDT

Ruth Milkman discusses the sociological study of the Occupy movement.

Direct download: Podcast_5_Ruth_Milkman_Learning_from_Occupy_Wall_Street.mp3
Category:Sociology -- posted at: 11:00am EDT