SAGE Sociology (sociology)

Rick Wolff of the New School University discusses the postmodern Marxian theory of class, as a process that he developed with Professor Stephen Resnick. Posted June/July 2014

Direct download: CRS_Podcast_11_Rick_Wolff_Class_Process.mp3
Category:Sociology -- posted at: 10:22am EDT

Rick Wolff of the New School University discusses the Marxian and Neoclassical theories of profit, and Marxian theories of expolitation. Posted June/July 2014

Direct download: CRS_Podcast_10_Rick_Wolff_Profits.mp3
Category:Sociology -- posted at: 10:18am EDT

Rick Wolff of the New School University discusses the theory of overdetermination that he developed with Stephen A. Resnick, the concept of theoretical entry points, and the relative merit of different forms of economic analysis (Marxian, Keynesian, Neoclassical). Posted June/July 2014

Direct download: CRS_Podcast_9_Rick_Wolff_Entry_Points.mp3
Category:Sociology -- posted at: 10:11am EDT

Rick Wolff of the New School University discusses his last book with the late Stephen A. Resnick, Contending Economic Theories: Neoclassical, Keynesian, and Marxian (2012, MIT Press) as well as the postmodern critique of social scientific determinism that he developed during his long collaboration with Professor Resnick. Posted June/July 2014  

Direct download: CRS_Podcast_8_Rick_Wolff_Determinism.mp3
Category:Sociology -- posted at: 9:49am EDT

Author Leah Ruppanner discusses work-family conflict and more from her article in the May 2014 issue of Work and Occupations, "Blurred Boundaries: Gender and Work-Family Interference in Cross-National Context."

Abstract: Although well theorized at the individual level, previous research has neglected the role of national context in shaping overall levels of nonwork–work and work–nonwork interference. This study fills this gap by examining how a national context of gender empowerment affects the likelihood of experiencing nonwork–work and work–nonwork interference at the individual and national levels. Controlling for individual-level differences in the distribution of job demands and resources, results from our multilevel models indicate that women’s empowerment has significant net gender and parenthood effects on nonwork–work interference. By contrast, gender empowerment equally structures work–nonwork interference for these groups. Our results highlight the need to investigate interference bidirectionally and in a multilevel context.

Article available here.

 

Posted March 2014.

Direct download: WOX_Leah_Ruppanner.mp3
Category:Sociology -- posted at: 11:27am EDT

Author Julie Kmec discusses her article for the February 2014 issue of Work and Occupations, "Not Ideal: The Association Between Working Anything But Full Time and Perceived Unfair Treatment."

Abstract: Ideal-worker norms permeate workplaces, guiding employers’ evaluation of workers and perceptions of workers’ worth. The authors investigate how an ideal-worker norm violation—working anything but full time—affects workers’ perception of unfair treatment. The authors assess gender and parental status differences in the relationship. Analyses using Midlife Development in the United States II data reveal that women who violate the norm when they have children perceive greater unfair treatment than women who violate the norm but do not have children in the study period. Men who work anything but full time do not perceive unfair treatment. The authors’ findings inform efforts to challenge ideal-worker norms.

Article available here.

 

Posted February 2014.

Direct download: WOX_Julie_Kmec.mp3
Category:Sociology -- posted at: 11:18am EDT

Author Elizabeth Aura McClintock takes on the trophy wife stereotype in discussing her article for the August 2014 issue of American Sociological Review, “Beauty and Status: The Illusion of Exchange in Partner Selection?”

Abstract: Scholars have long been interested in exchange and matching (assortative mating) in romantic partner selection. But many analyses of exchange, particularly those that examine beauty and socioeconomic status, fail to control for partners’ tendency to match each other on these traits. Because desirable traits in mates are positively correlated between partners and within individuals, ignoring matching may exaggerate evidence of cross-trait beauty-status exchange. Moreover, many prior analyses assume a gendered exchange in which women trade beauty for men’s status, without testing whether men might use handsomeness to attract higher-status women. Nor have prior analyses fully investigated how the prevalence of beauty-status exchange varies between different types of couples. I use data from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health Romantic Pair Sample, a large (N = 1,507) nationally representative probability sample of dating, cohabiting, and married couples, to investigate how often romantic partners exchange physical attractiveness and socioeconomic status, net of matching on these traits. I find that controlling for matching eliminates nearly all evidence of beauty-status exchange. The discussion focuses on the contexts in which beauty-status exchange is most likely and on implications these results have for market-based and sociobiological theories of partner selection.

Article available here.

 

Posted June 2014

Direct download: ASR_Elizabeth_McClintock.mp3
Category:Sociology -- posted at: 6:55pm EDT

 

Author David (Dave) Jacobs discusses his article with Lindsey Myers for the August 2014 issue of American Sociological Review, "Union Strength, Neoliberalism, and Inequality: Contingent Political Analyses of U.S. Income Differences Since 1950." 

Abstract: Do historically contingent political accounts help explain the growth in family income inequality in the United States? We use time-series regressions based on 60 years to detect such relationships by assessing interactive associations between the neoliberal departure coincident with Ronald Reagan’s election and the acceleration in inequality that began soon after Reagan took office. We find evidence for this and for a second contingent relationship: stronger unions could successfully resist policies that enhanced economic inequality only before Reagan’s presidency and before the neoliberal anti-union administrations from both parties that followed Reagan. Politically inspired reductions in union membership, and labor’s diminished political opportunities during and after Reagan’s presidency, meant unions no longer could slow the growth in U.S. inequality. Coefficients on these two historically contingent interactions remain significant after many additional determinants are held constant. These findings indicate that political determinants should not be neglected when researchers investigate the determinants of U.S. inequality.

Full article available here.

 

Posted June 2014

Direct download: ASR_Dave_Jacobs.mp3
Category:Sociology -- posted at: 6:26pm EDT

Author James (Jim) Meehan discusses his article for the August 2014 issue of the Journal of Applied Social Science, “Reinventing Real Estate: The Community Land Trust as a Social Invention in Affordable Housing.”

Abstract:The community land trust (CLT) is a social invention designed to solve several problems in land ownership, from affordability to preservation. This article traces the history of the CLT from concept to implementation, through a network of theorists and activists, and discusses the present extent of CLTs in the United States. It concludes with a case study of the Dudley Street Neighborhood Initiative (DSNI), a community development organization in Boston, that has used the CLT model as part of its holistic strategy to redevelop a neighborhood that has suffered from redlining, arson, and abandonment. DSNI is perhaps the only community organization in the United States to have attained the power of eminent domain to acquire land for housing development.

 

Article available here.

Direct download: JASS_Jim_Meehan.mp3
Category:Sociology -- posted at: 1:17pm EDT

Author Stoyan Sgourev discusses his article for the April 2014 issue of American Sociological Review, “‘Notable’ or ‘Not Able’: When Are Acts of Inconsistency Rewarded?”

Abstract: Atypical practices of crossing categories or genres are generally discouraged in the market, but the ideal of the Renaissance mind persists. Building on recent work elaborating the need to reward the greater risk associated with atypicality for it to survive, this article provides the first systematic, direct evidence for such a reward. We focus on stylistic inconsistency—mixing distinct artistic styles. In a between-subject experimental design, 183 subjects estimated the aesthetic and market value of consistent and inconsistent sets of artworks by Pablo Picasso in three status conditions. Controlling for cognitive difficulties posed by inconsistency, we show that inconsistency is rewarded (i.e., evaluated higher than consistency on aesthetic value) only at high status. Status cues guide perception so that inconsistent works by a prominent artist are given the benefit of the doubt and interpreted as a sign of creativity. The association with creativity leads to a reward for atypicality in the absence of tangible proof that it performs better than typicality.

Article available here.

 

Posted April 2014

Direct download: ASR_Stoyan_Sgourev.mp3
Category:Sociology -- posted at: 12:36pm EDT